jablessi [at] syr [dot] edu

100 Eggers Hall

Syracuse University

Syracuse, NY 13244-1020

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© 2019 by Jason Blessing. Background Photo: Duo Security.


My research addresses topics related to international security and national defense policy.  My work has received funding from the United States Institute of Peace, the Maxwell School for Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University, the Moynihan Institute for Global Affairs, and the Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism (INSCT).


Why and how do states organize their militaries for cyber-defense?  Why do some states disperse military cyber-defense authority across multiple service branches, while other states delegate responsibilities to more specialized military institutions? Despite the implications for power projection and conflict escalation, researchers have yet to provide an empirical account of the emergence of different military cyber-defense organizations. To these ends, the project employs a multi-method approach that includes cross-national statistical analysis of a custom database and three case studies that draw on elite interviews: the evolution of the United States’ Cyber Command; the development of Estonia’s Cyber Command; and the creation of Germany’s Cyber and Information Domain Service.

Securing Cyberspace:  Military Innovation and Cyber Force Structure


01 / "The Determinants of Military Organization for Cyber-Defense"

02 / "Cyber Forces: Types and Implications"

03 / "Replicating Qualitative Research: Assessing Transparency in Political Analysis"